By Niccolo Machiavelli Introduction by Anthony Grafton Translated by George Bull Notes by George Bull

By Niccolo Machiavelli Introduction by Anthony Grafton Translated by George Bull Notes by George Bull

By Niccolo Machiavelli Introduction by Anthony Grafton Translated by George Bull Notes by George Bull

Praise

“[Machiavelli] can still engage our attention with remarkable immediacy, and this cannot be explained solely by the appeal of his ironic observations on human behaviour. Perhaps the most important thing is the way he can compel us sicuro reflect on our own priorities and the reasoning behind them; it is this intrusion into our own defenses that makes reading him an intriguing experience. As a scientific exponent of the political art Machiavelli may have had few followers; it is as per provocative rhetorician that he has had his real impact on history.” –from the Introduction by Dominic Baker-Smith

Table Of Contents

ChronologyMapIntroductionTranslator’s NoteSelected BooksMachiavelli’s Principal WorksLetter esatto the Magnificent Lorenzo de Medici1IHow many kinds of principality there are and the ways con which they are acquired5IIHereditary principalities5IIIComposite principalities6IVWhy the kingdom of Darius conquered by Alexander did not rebel against his successors after his death13VHow cities or principalities which lived under their own laws should be administered after being conquered16VINew principalities acquired by one’s own arms and prowess17VIINew principalities acquired with the help of fortune and foreign arms20VIIIThose who ad esempio preciso power by crime27IXThe constitutional principality31XHow the strength of every principality should be measured34XIEcclesiastical principalities36XIIMilitary organization and mercenary troops39XIIIAuxiliary, composite, and native troops43XIVHow per prince should organize his militia47XVThe things for which men, and especially princes, are praised or blamed49XVIGenerosity and parsimony51XVIICruelty and compassion; and whether it is better esatto be loved than feared, or the reverse53XVIIIHow princes should honour their word56XIXThe need preciso avoid contempt and hatred58XXWhether fortresses and many of the other present-day expedients onesto which princes have recourse are useful or not67XXIHow a prince must act preciso win honour71XXIIA prince’s personal staff75XXIIIHow flatterers must be shunned76XXIVWhy the Italian princes have lost their states78XXVHow far human affairs are governed by fortune, and how fortune can be opposed79XXVIExhortation sicuro liberate Italy from the barbarians82Glossary of Proper Names86Notes99

New monarchies, however, present many problems. Some are “mixed” monarchies, con which verso prince adds new territory puro the principality he already governs. Sometimes this new territory is won through invasion or battle, but on other occasions, the people mediante the new territory may have rejected their former prince. Per prince who has recently annexed per territory must remember that the people who recently welcomed him may soon try onesto overthrow him if he offends them. If the new territory has the same religion, language and customs as the prince, it is less difficult puro control than one durante which these institutions are different. If the prince is excretion that the old ruling family is extinct, and if he is careful not preciso make many changes in laws and taxes, people will not rebel against him.

The prince must also make sure that the people will always need him. If they people feel that they need the prince for their protection and well-being, they will remain loyal to him. This is particularly true if the people have previously governed themselves and find their new government changing into one of absolute https://datingranking.net/it/lovoo-review/ rule. People who used onesto govern themselves are less likely to rebel if they feel that the prince is the only one who can protect them. In any event, a prince must have verso strong army and not be hated sopra order preciso govern successfully.

If per prince annexes per territory, he must disarm his new subjects and place military control con the hands of the soldiers from his old state. The wise prince also learns to make friends of those who were once his enemies, since the love and friendship of his people will be more useful preciso him than fortresses durante defending the state. It is essential that the prince surround himself with capable advisers. He must avoid flatterers and rely on a few men with good judgment who speak freely to him. Durante order onesto avoid flatterers, the prince should accept advice only when he solicits it. Unasked for advice should never be welcomed. Verso wise prince should bring only intelligent men into his council and give them and only them “Free license to speak the truth”. The prince can – and should ask questions, seek out opinions and hear the viewpoints of others.

Machiavelli died at the age of 58 in 1527. He was buried durante Florence at the Church of Santa Disgrazia. His books and name live on today. His satire, “The Prince” is still so commonly read and acknowledged that the term “Machiavellian” has quale preciso mean the art of using deception and duplicity puro gain control per per business or political setting.

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *