Centered on Egyptian records dating on the fourteen th 100 years B

Centered on Egyptian records dating on the fourteen th 100 years B

Centered on Egyptian records dating on the fourteen th 100 years B

A keen Arabian Tribe

New Midianites have been an excellent Proto-Arabian group; their house legs was in Arabia and tend to be regarding Ishmaelites. The book off Judges says which clearly from the facts of Gideon, which makes the after the demand of the Israelites immediately following defeating new Midianites:

We come across proof the partnership between Midianites and you can Ishmaelites as the really with respect to brands. As an instance, Moses father-in-law Jethro otherwise Jether (Exod cuatro:17) comes with the same name as Davids cousin-in-rules (spouse out of Davids aunt Abigail), Jether the Ishmaelite (step one Chron dos:17).

The newest Spice Exchange

Inside Metal Decades and you can afterwards, the brand new Midianites, since the an Arabian group, had been an element of the spruce exchange. They would travel of Arabia and you may pass through Israel on their solution to the brand new Mediterranean coastline and/or Egypt. This might be shown on biblical tale out of Joseph, hence means Midianite and Ishmaelite people maneuvering to Egypt that have herbs and you can slaves:

Contained in this story, this new buyers had earliest headed northern, maybe so you’re able to trading to your Arameans, and you can was moving southern area from Jezreel area for the Via Maris, which would capture her or him to your Egypt. Whilst the tale is decided on next century B.C.E., anachronistic provides including camels reveal that it was written in the initial 100 years B.C.E.

The brand new solid commitment anywhere between this type of east Arabian people additionally the spice station is mirrored on the term this new Bible (Gen twenty-five:1-2) gets their eponymous mommy, Qeturah (?????), a name pertaining to the newest Hebrew phrase for incense, qetoret (?????).

In a nutshell, the Midianites was in fact an Arabian tribe doing work in metallurgy as well as the liven change, whose foot was in the new northeast of one’s Arabian Peninsula, however, whoever reach out-of settlement is much large, which have purse residing the fresh southwest Sinai Peninsula, the latest south Transjordan, and also the Aravah (brand new wilderness a portion of the southeastern Negev), most likely from the copper veins there.

The fresh Shaswe-Homes YHWA

C.E., we understand that the Midianites were not the actual only real cultural teams traditions so it these portion. On the geographical list within the Amunhotep IIIs Soleb Nubian temple, individuals of your own Aravah together with south Transjordan are known as Shaswe (otherwise Shasu), a common label meaning something like “nomadic people.”

The term shaswe, s?sw ( ) is written adopting the Egyptian determinative getting “land” t? ( ), showing your Egyptian text message was explaining various other geographic portion populated by the certain shaswe. One area listed is named Nomad-property Seir, that’s similar into Attach Seir area in Edom. The following term on the number, which means that close or contiguous having Seir, was Nomad-house Yehwa, yhw?(w) ( ). The enunciation of name’s not sure, as such as Hebrew, hieroglyphics don’t include vowels, but the term appears to be related to the name from the latest Israelite deity, YHWH, whose direct old pronunciation is also not familiar.

An excellent Goddess and you may a land

Regarding the record, Yehwa is the term of an area. Just as one nomadic classification lived-in a secure titled Seir, some other lived in a secure entitled Yehwa. In antiquity, a reputation you may sometimes be each other a beneficial toponym and you will an effective theonym. The name Assyria (Assur) depicts which obviously: it is both the identity out of Assyrias chief goddess as well as their ancient funding urban area. Fundamentally, what’s more, it turned the name of their empire. Other analogy are definitely the Greek deity regarding knowledge, Athena, who began since patron goddess away from Athens.

YHWH Comes from the new Edomite Southern area

Biblical evidence suggests that YHWH comes from this new the southern part of, either on hills off Edom if you don’t subsequent southern during the Midian otherwise past. This can be such as for instance clear from inside the three extremely old biblical poems:

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